LAFD PARAMEDICS STRESS HOT WEATHER SAFETY
Tuesday, September 8, 2015
With dangerously high temperatures causing officials to issue an excessive heat warning across portions of Southwestern California, the Los Angeles Fire Department suggests you take action now to:
• Minimize the risks of sun and hot weather.
• Prepare your household, pets and workplace.
• Get relief from and avoid the effects of heat.
Plan to wear loose, lightweight and light-colored clothing that covers as much of your skin as practical, and a well-ventilated hat with a wide brim - or carry an umbrella. Wear plenty of broad spectrum sunscreen (SPF 15 or higher) and stay in the shade whenever possible.
Adjust your attire and activities to limit sun exposure, heat and exertion!
Water is normally the best drink during hot weather, and you'll need more than you think. For many, electrolyte-replacing sport drinks may be an option. If you have a medical condition or are under a doctor's care, consult with a physician.
Drinks with alcohol or caffeine can make the heat's effect on your body much worse. Avoid sugar-filled or excessively cold beverages, and only use salt tablets if directed by a doctor. Consider a brief cool shower or bath, and plan on eating light, healthy meals.
Key Rules: Drink plenty of water before you become thirsty and rest in the shade before you become tired!
Limit your exposure to direct sunlight between 10:00 AM and 4:00 PM, when the sun's rays are at their strongest. If you feel ill, tell someone immediately. Symptoms of dehydration and heat illness may include dizziness, fatigue, faintness, nausea, muscle cramps, headache and vomiting.
Many heat emergencies occur to people exercising, working or staying alone. Use a buddy system and check onolder adults, disabled or at-risk neighbors at least twice a day. If you suspect someone is experiencing a medical emergency from extreme heat exposure, call 9-1-1.
If your home does not have air conditioning, visit a cool place during the hottest part of the day!
Schools, libraries, theaters, shopping malls and community facilities such as senior centers and parks may offer an air-conditioned refuge. Designated cooling centers have been opened in the County and City of Los Angeles for this heat event. They can be found by calling 2-1-1.
Pets, horses, and livestock are also susceptible to hot weather. See that the special needs of your animals are met, including copious shade and plenty of cool water.
Never leave children, pets or dependent adults alone in a hot car!
Even with windows down, the temperature inside a parked vehicle can quickly rise to lethal levels.
We suggest you learn more about hot weather safety at: emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/extremeheat
Energy Conservation Alert
LADWP Urges Giving Appliances
the Afternoon Off during Heat Wave
LOS ANGELES — As weather forecasts predict excessive heat beginning today through Friday in parts of Los Angeles, the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) urges customers to conserve energy use where possible, while not jeopardizing their health or the health of their pets.
“During times of extreme heat, we strongly encourage customers to conserve energy while they try to stay comfortable,” General Manager Marcie Edwards said. “Give your appliances the afternoon off, and do vacuuming, laundry, and run dishwashers and other appliances after 6:00 p.m. when it cools down outside. Also, set your thermostat to 78 degrees or give it a rest if your health permits.”
Energy demand in Los Angeles this week is expected to hit new records for the year. The highest demand so far this year – 5,879 megawatts – was set on August 28, while the all-time peak power demand was 6,396 megawatts, reached on September 16, 2014. For a typical September weekday, the average power demand is about 4,700 megawatts.
“Reducing energy use can help customers save costs and prevent outages that can occur if power system equipment heats up and becomes overloaded,” Edwards said. LADWP crews are on alert and prepared to respond to heat related outages if they do occur.
For those who are home during the day and either don’t have air conditioning or don’t want to use it, LADWP recommends visiting malls, libraries, and other public places that have air conditioning.
The most effective time to save energy is between the hours of 11:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. when energy use is typically the highest. Extreme heat not only leads to more people operating their air conditioners all at once but also causes other appliances to work harder in order to perform, which increases the strain on power equipment.
Following is a list of simple and highly effective conservation measures:
- Adjust thermostat to 78 degrees to reduce energy usage during the hottest hours of the day when air conditioning systems have to work hardest to cool.
- Limit the use of appliances during peak hours of the day- use washing machines, dishwashers, vacuum cleaners and other heavy appliances during evening hours.
- Close draperies, shades or blinds during the heat of the day to reduce the extra heat from direct sunlight.
- Ventilate your home by opening windows and doors to clear out the heat and allow cooler air to circulate.
- Turn off lights and equipment when they are not in use.
- Unplug "energy vampires" like cell phone chargers, DVD players, microwave ovens and other appliances that use energy even when turned off or in sleep mode.
More information on energy-saving tips and energy saving programs is available at www.ladwp.com/EEtips.
Hot Weather Tips from the
Department of Animal Services
When the temperature begins to climb in the Southland, don’t forget that your furry friends need some extra assistance to help them stay cool and healthy. Your companion animals are less efficient at cooling themselves than humans. Dogs and cats can only cool their bodies by perspiring from their nose and footpads and by panting. But panting very hot air only accelerates heatstroke. By taking some simple precautions, you can keep your companion animals happy and healthy when the temperature soars.
- Do not leave your companion animal alone in the car. Not only is it dangerous, it is now illegal in California . Senate Bill 1806 which became law January 1, 2007, says no animal may be left unattended in a vehicle under conditions that “endanger the health or well-being of an animal due to heat, cold, lack of adequate ventilation, lack of food or water, or other circumstances that could reasonably be expected to cause suffering, disability, or death to the animal.” Companion animal guardians who leave their animals unattended under dangerous conditions could face fines, jail time or both.
- Reserve playtime for the cool of the early morning or evening, but never after a meal or when the weather is humid.
- When the temperature is very high, don’t let your dog stand on hot asphalt. Paw pads can easily blister and burn. Keep walks during these times to a minimum.
- If possible, keep your dog or cat inside during the heat of the day to rest in a cool part of the house. Areas with tile floors are generally the coolest. Provide plenty of fresh water for all of your animals and move companion animal beds to shady areas, both indoors and out.
Be especially sensitive to senior and overweight cats and dogs in hot weather. Short muzzled dogs such as Bulldogs, Mastiffs, Pugs, Boston terriers, Lhasa Apsos and Shih Tzus, as well as those with heart or lung diseases, have more difficulty breathing during hot, humid days and should be kept cool in air-conditioned rooms as much as possible.
- Don’t shave your companion animals thinking that it will keep them cooler. Their fur protects them against sunburn and helps prevent overheating. Cats should be brushed often.
- When companion animals do go outside, protect against sunburn by rubbing hypo-allergenic sunscreen on sensitive areas like the belly and ear tips. Light colored noses or ears are especially susceptible to sunburn and skin cancer. Do not apply any sunscreen to your companion animal that is not labeled specifically for use on animals.
- Be aware of the signs of heat stress in your companion animals which include heavy panting, glazed eyes, rapid pulse, unsteadiness, staggering gait, vomiting or a deep red or purple tongue.
If you do notice signs of heat stress, immediately:
Lower your companion animal’s body temperature by moving the animal to the shade and applying cool (not cold) water over its body to gradually lower body temperature. Apply ice packs or cold towels only to a companion animal’s head, neck and chest or have companion animals drink small amounts of cool water or lick ice cubes. This is a medical emergency,take your companion animal to a veterinarian as soon as possible.